DYSPORT® is a prescription injection for temporary improvement in the look of moderate to severe frown lines between the eyebrows (glabellar lines) in adults less than 65 years of age. This injectable treatment for wrinkles is made from the same neurotoxin (botulinum toxin type A) as Botox®.
DYSPORT® (formally Reloxin) received the approval of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use as a wrinkle treatment in the spring of 2009, while DYSPORT® has been smoothing out facial folds and lines in Europe, South America, and elsewhere for several years. Like Botox®, this injectable was originally developed in the 1990’s to treat neuromuscular disorders.
DYSPORT® Cosmetic is administered by a healthcare professional as a simple, nonsurgical treatment that is injected directly into the muscles between the brows. It works by blocking nerve impulses to the injected muscles. By doing this DYSPORT® reduces muscle activity that causes moderate to severe lines to form between the brows.
How Does DYSPORT® Work?
Whenever your face makes a movement; you smile, squint or frown, your facial muscles contract and the skin over those muscles creases. These muscles are called dynamic wrinkles because they disappear when the facial movements stop. As you age and your skin loses its elasticity, those creases deepen into static, or permanent, lines and wrinkles.
DYSPORT® is injected directly into the muscles that cause facial wrinkles, temporarily immobilizing them. It specifically targets the glabullar muscles – the ones that form creases on your forehead when you frown.
DYSPORT® diffuses a bit farther from the injection point than Botox®, one to three centimeters compared to Botox®’s one centimeter. This means that fewer injections are needed. It also means that the health professional doing the injections must be very skilled to ensure that the drug does not spread to nearby muscles and cause eyelid and or eyebrow drooping or other unwanted side effects.
Why Does Skin Age?
Aging skin and wrinkles result from a combination of many factors. It’s not just about cellular changes, collagen depletion, hormone loss, or damage caused by free radicals. The “11s”, those vertical lines that appear between your brows, result from muscle contractions. When you concentrate, squint, or frown, the muscles between your brows contract, causing your skin to furrow and fold. After years of frequent contraction, those wrinkles can linger even after the muscles are at rest.